The main risk factors associated with heart attack are:
- Family history of heart disease
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
What are the classic signs of a heart attack?
- Severe chest pressure and pain that may radiate into the neck, left arm and/or shoulder.
- Individuals with diabetes may experience symptoms of nausea, vomiting, sweating, extreme fatigue or weakness, and/or pain in the neck, jaw or back.
- A feeling of indigestion (heartburn) may occur.
Is is the same for women?
- Heart events present themselves differently in women. For women, the signs and symptoms of disease can be far more subtle:
- Shortness of breath, often without any chest pain.
- Feelings of anxiety.
- Unexplained fatigue.
- Weakness or dizziness.
- Pain in chest, upper back, shoulders, and neck or jaw.
- Flu-like symptoms including nausea, clamminess or cold sweats.
When do I call 911?
Eighty-five percent of heart damage occurs within the first two hours of a heart attack. Therefore, quick medical help is important.
If you or someone around you is experiencing symptoms of a heart attack, call 911 immediately.
Dr. Michael Cooper, a cardiologist at LeBauer HeartCare and the medial director of the Cone Health cardiac catheterization lab, spoke on Fox 8 House Calls about the knowing the risk and signs of a heart attack and when to call for medical assistance.