Inpatient Clinical Oncology Dietitian
Wesley Long Hospital
Those at a high risk include:
- Over age 50; 45 for African Americans
- Race and ethnicity
- Family history
- History of Crohn’s Disease or ulcerative colitis
- Type 2 diabetes
All people, at risk or not, should adhere to the following:
- Know your body. Be aware of any changes in bowel habits, unexpected and unexplained weight loss or blood present in stool.
- Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. A person should have five servings daily of non-starchy fruits and vegetables.
- Limit red/processed meats. Eat no more than 18 ounces of red or processed meats each week.
- Increase amount of whole grains. These grains, which add fiber to your diet, should include beans, brown rice, popcorn, oatmeal and nuts.
- Minimize alcohol intake.
- Ditch the salt. Limit the amount of salt to less than 2,400 milligrams a day. And it’s not just the added salt, watch your intake of salted foods such as breakfast and deli meats, chips, and pickled, cured or canned foods. Instead use more herbs – garlic, lemon, cider vinegar, onion and dill – that enhance food flavor.
- Get plenty of exercise. Aim for a least 30 minutes of moderate exercise a day but try to work up to getting 60 minutes of moderate and 30 minutes of vigorous exercise a day.